Today the Trump Administration released its proposed fiscal-year 2018 budget. A table with key opportunity youth-related line items is below.
Each year the president’s budget serves as a starting point for conversations with Congress about government funding; few of its specifics make it into law. But for a new administration that has so far been chary with details, the budget offers the first detailed look at how the president and his team – or at least Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney and his staff – would like to change the federal government.
President Trump’s FY18 Opportunity Youth Budget
Proposed New Obligations (in millions of dollars) FY17 CR FY18 Proposed Change (%)
Department of Labor
WIOA Adult $814 $490 -39.80 %
WIOA Dislocated Worker 1239 699 -43.58 %
WIOA Youth 1002 608 -39.32 %
Reintegration of Ex-Offenders 83 88 6.02 %
Apprenticeship Grants 89 90 1.12 %
H-1B Job Training Grants 128 200 56.25 %
YouthBuild 84 84 0
Job Corps, total 1663 1614 -2.95 %
Community Service Employment for Older Americans 438 5 -98.86 %
Department of Education
VR State Grants 3165 3453 9.10 %
CTE State Grants 1111 791 -28.80 %
Adult Education State Grants 581 486 -16.35 %
ESEA Title I Grants to LEAs 14881 14051 -5.58 %
School improvement grants 449 449 0.00 %
Title I Choice Program 0 1000 n/a
IDEA Grants to States 11872 11049 -6.93 %
Promise Neighborhoods 73 73 0.00 %
Education, innovation, and research 119 370 210.92 %
Corporation for National and Community Service
AmeriCorps State and National 386 2 -99.48 %
AmeriCorps VISTA 96 5 -94.79 %
AmeriCorps National Civilian Conservation Corps 30 25 -16.67 %
Social Innovation Fund 50 0 -100.00 %
Department of Health and Human Services
Runaway and homeless youth basic centers 54 54 0.00 %
Chafee Education and Training Vouchers (for foster youth) 43 43 0.00 %
Community service block grant 714 0 -100.00 %
Department of Agriculture
SNAP Employment and Training 456 477 4.61 %
The headline from this budget for many NYEC members is likely to be the approximately 40 percent cut to WIOA Title I formula funds. Other harmful proposals include the elimination of AmeriCorps and the Community Service Block Grant.
The budget also launches first volleys on policy changes the administration would like to see enacted, most notably by including a large new initiative to encourage school districts to launch “public school voucher” policies including portable and weighted per pupil funding and open enrollment. The budget also proposes for the Education Innovation and Research Program, which included a priority for dropout reentry in its last round, to have a focus on school choice policies generally. These kinds of policies, championed by center-right education experts like former Institute for Educational Sciences director Russ Whitehurst, may be a first step toward advocacy of broader voucher programs that allow money to flow to private schools. See Kristal’s article for more detail on where Supreme Court precedent currently stands with regards to voucher programs.
Other Notes on the Budget
The administration’s budget assumes a very rosy economic outlook, with a goal of 3 percent annual GDP growth, yielding high levels of revenue for the federal government. This outlook, however, is based on a flawed assumption underlying President Trump’s trade policies. These assumptions about economic growth impact not only the amount of federal revenue coming in, but many other variables on which Director Mulvaney’s proposal relies: the ability of states to pick up the tab as the federal government spends less on Medicaid, the availability of jobs for the SNAP recipients that the administration would like to subject to work requirements, the financial health of new college graduates who will lose the benefits of subsidized student loans, and many others.
It will be at least a few weeks before we learn Congressional leaders’ official response to this budget. House and Senate leaders are not expected to release budget blueprints until mid-June. In the meantime, broad coalitions and perhaps some of the president’s core supporters, will have their say.